The herniated disc is referred to in medical practice as an irregularity of the inter-vertebral disc. It can also be described as a cracked or bulging disc. This happens when the nucleus of the inter-vertebral disc breaks through the outer layer of ligaments surrounding the annulus fibrosis. This tear causes pain in the back and the overhanging disc pushes against a spinal nerve. The pain may also spread to other parts of the body.
Herniated Disc Warning Signs
Various scales of herniated disc include nuclear hernia, nuclear extrusion, disc protrusion, and sequestered nucleus. The primary symptom is excruciating pain. Individuals with past history of lower backaches can also experience pain down through the leg because of distressed nerves. Pain with a herniated disc may happen out of the blue. There can also be a split or breaking sensation near the spine, which can be attributed to an unexpected bursting within the annulus fibrosis.
Diagnosis of Herniated Disc
Persons afflicted with herniated discs will complain of lower back pain, which may or may not affect the legs or other parts of the body. This frequently results in limited movement as the person tries to bow forward, lean toward the back, or incline to one side. Patients can also feel pain while walking or bending the affected leg. Raising a leg that is being held straight can also indicate symptoms of a herniated disc.
Defects in specific parts of the body can be detected through neurological testing. This will also indicate signs of nerve root density. An MRI can diagnose a herniated disc although the CT scan is also helpful since it provides better images of the spinal column’s bony anatomy. It can also point to the source of pressure on your nerve root.
Remedying herniated discs does not usually include surgery. Nearly all patients respond to moderate therapy like prescription medication, rest, and regulated physical work-outs. The major component of traditional treatment is limited physical activity. It normally starts with a moderation of activities and gradually returns to safe activities. Sitting, bending, lifting heavy objects, and turning around are not helpful if you have this illness. These activities place considerable pressure on the lumbar spine which may lead to strain on the afflicted nerve root. Proper use of medicines is a crucial part of conservative treatment. It includes anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants and ordinary analgesics. The doctor also may prescribe anti-inflammatory spinal injection for the affected nerve root to reduce puffiness and irritation. Surgery is the final option after all other solutions have failed.