:: Preparing for Surgery & Procedure
Once you and your doctor agree that surgery will help, it is important to understand the effects of surgery and create a treatment plan for the best results. Preparing yourself both mentally and physically for surgical operations and understanding the process and your role in recovery is essential for your wellbeing.
Collaboration with Doctors
You will undergo complete physical examination before surgery to ensure that you do not have any conditions that could interfere with the operations or its effects. X-rays and blood tests are conducted one week before a major surgery. You may be prevented from taking some medicines that can interfere with surgical operations. You should be prepared for possible blood transfusion, medical interventions, and other treatments before surgery.
It is important to lose extra pounds before surgery if you are overweight to help reduce stress on your new joint. However, it is not recommended that you go on a diet one month prior to surgical treatment. Avoid taking any aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs that can increase the possibility of bleeding. Refrain from smoking to hasten recovery and make sure that gum, tooth, and bowel problems are treated to minimize infection hazards.
Be sure to eat a balanced diet supplemented by multivitamins, and inform your doctor about any infections you may be aware of. Avoid bending frequently and other strenuous activities like washing clothes, cooking, and shopping. Take away loose rugs and use a stable chair with solid seat cushion, back and two arms.
:: Post Surgery
Be sure to have someone ready to drive you home since as you should not drive yourself for at least one day after surgery. Do not eat solid foods for 24 hours as the combination of anesthesia, food, and car mobility can lead to nausea or throwing up. Once you arrive home, wait until you get hungry before eating anything. Start with a light meal and avoid greasy foods during the first few days post surgery. If you have just gone through surgery on extremities like the elbow, knee or leg, make sure that it is elevated. Apply a cold compress or ice as directed by the physician. This will help in bringing down inflammation and pain. Be sure to take all pain medicines as prescribed by the doctor. Do not wait until you begin to feel uncomfortable or feeling pain. Do not wait to take pain medications until the soreness is unbearable because you will find it hard to control the pain.