Radiculopathy is a medical term used to define neurological shortfalls, which can crop up from pressure on the nerves and nerve tissues in the spine resulting in soreness, tingling, and pain throughout the body.
On the other hand, cervical radiculopathy can mean the failure of nerve roots brought about by impairment or compression of the spinal nerve root in your neck.
The following circumstances can lead to this issue:
- Degenerative Disc Disease, which is caused by deterioration of the discs in between the vertebrae and eventual loss of their cushioning power.
- Spinal Stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal as people begin to age and is often caused by gradually worsening arthritis.
- Degenerative Spondylolisthesis refers to the disintegration of vertebral elements, which normally affects people over 50 years of age. Degenerative Spondylolisthesis can lead to stenosis if the bones in your spinal column begin to slide into each other.
Signs & Symptoms
Cervical radiculopathy produces pain, lack of feeling, or weakness in certain parts of the body such as shoulders, arms, hands, and wrists. Individuals with myelopathy experience weakness, problems in moving tiny objects, and difficulty in walking.
You can expect the doctor to conduct physical tests to detect cervical myelopathy. One procedure is magnetic resonance imaging scan of the backbone, which doctors use to identify signs of cervical myelopathy and to rule out other ailments that cause similar symptoms. You may also be asked for complete history and physical exams. The doctor can perform diagnostic tests like back X-ray, vertebrae MRI, spinal column CT scans, Electromyography and nerve conduction report to analyze radiculopathy or myelopathy in the cervix.
The specialist may recommend spine surgery once preliminary treatments like rest, medication, physical therapy, and injections for pain have proven unsuccessful. The universal form of spinal column surgery is meant to alleviate symptoms of compression. It entails the removal of the disc and the joining of bones by means of bone grafting. A new, modern option is to replace the herniated with an artificial disc instead of a bone fusion to preserve neck movement and elasticity.
Decompressive laminectomy or fusion is a common surgery for patients with cervical myelopathy. Part of the bone or lamina that generates pressure on the nerves is taken away. In spinal fusion, a chunk of bone taken from other parts of your body is transferred between contiguous spinal bones. The bone is combined with the spine once it has healed.