Scoliosis is described as a condition wherein the spine or backbone is bent to one side. Experts say that the most common form of scoliosis is called adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, which takes place after the age of 10 and is more common in girls than boys. This disorder can crop up at any age; however, the cause is not established in about 80 percent of cases.
Causes of Scoliosis
This medical condition is classified into two categories. One is known as non-structural Scoliosis, which is perceived as a normal spine with temporary or changing curves. Some of the causes include differences in leg lengths, contractions in the legs, and inflammatory conditions like swelling of the appendix. Structural scoliosis is the type of spine curvature characterized by birth deficiencies and certain infections. Other elements consist of spinal injuries and neuro-muscular ailments, abnormal growth, connective tissue malady, and rheumatism.
Treatment depends on the doctor’s evaluation of your spinal curve, taking into account the probable cause and patient age. The attending physician will examine the condition at least every six months to determine the severity of spinal misalignment. Vertical deviations of less than twenty five percent are considered mild cases; however, as the deviations exceed thirty percent, treatments like braces are often recommended to prevent the curvature from getting worse, especially if the patient is young and still growing. In cases of spinal curvature of more than thirty degrees, doctors will often recommend surgery. Common surgical procedures to address scoliosis include adjustment, stabilization, and fusion.